The Mother and the Head of all the churches of the city and the world – Archbasilica of St. John Lateran

The Mother and the Head of all the churches of the city and the world – Archbasilica of St. John Lateran

The first Christian basilica in the history of Roman Empire was built on Lateran. The Basilica is also the cathedral of Rome and the whole Christian world. The main nave is 130 meters long and the monumental main façade was built in the XVIII century. Fifteen 7-meters-tall figures constitute the finial of the basilica.

The basilica was built according to the Latin cross plan and its interior is divided by the massive pillars into five naves.

When the Vatican took over the role of the seat of the papacy, the Vicariate of Rome, a museum and a university found their place on Lateran.

Egyptian obelisk is located in the square across the Basilica.